Correlation Analysis between River Water Quality and Community Socio-Economic Condition: Case Study of Jangkok River, Mataram City

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Joni Safaat Adiansyah

Abstract

Social and economic conditions of riverbanks are observed based on several
parameters, namely income level, education level, family size, waste
management facilities and sanitation facilities. These parameters are
correlated with the Total Coliform parameters generated from surface water
quality monitoring by the Environment Agency of Mataram City. The data
collection method was carried out by interviewing 300 respondents who
lived on the Jangkok River banks. Data analysis and correlation used the
SPSS program. The analysis showed that the socio-economic conditions of
the community of Jangkok river banks contributed to the value of the Total
Coliform parameter. Therefore, the strategy of involving various
stakeholders and implementing an economic innovation could be used as a
strategy by the Government of the Mataram City for improving the social
and economic conditions of the Jangkok River banks community.
Furthermore, the Government of Mataram City also required to do a number
of things including structuring the Jangkok River area so that the potential
pollutants entering the water body could be reduced or even eliminated,
making regulations that apply a punishment and reward system towards
sustainable river management, and implementing a multistakehoder model
for the Jangkok River region management.

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