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through the role of the judge in determining the cost of recovery based on
evidence, burden of proof, and examination of laboratory analysis results
which are entirely based on the calculation of expert testimony in non-legal
fields. Development of evidentiary law by applying the concept of strict
liability without proving the element of guilt for the perpetrator, the most
important thing is that the causal relationship between activities and
environmental losses is carried out through examination of the truth and
suitability of evidence submitted by both parties as well as testimony given
by expert witnesses in court proceedings and environmental damage.
Decree of the Chairman of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Indonesia
Number: 36/KMA/SK/II/2013 concerning Enforcement of Guidelines for
Handling Environmental Cases.
Hamzah, A. (2005). Penegakan Hukum Lingkungan. Jakarta: Sinar Grafika.
Haryadi, P. (2017). Pengembangan Hukum Lingkungan Hidup Melalui
Penegakan Hukum Perdata Di Indonesia. Jurnal Konstitusi, 14(1), 124-149.
Husin, S. (2009). Penegakan Hukum Lingkungan Indonesia. Jakarta: Sinar Grafika.
Keraf, A. S. (2010). Etika lingkungan hidup. Jakarta: Kompas Media Nusantara.
Law Number 32 Year 2009 concerning Environmental Protection and
Minister of Environment Regulation Number 7 of 2014 concerning Environmental
Losses Due to Pollution and/or Environmental Damage.
Rangkuti, S. S. (2000). Tanggung Gugat Pencemar Dan Beban Pembuktian Dalam Kasus
Pencemaran. Jakarta: Skrep dan Walhi.
Regulation of the State Minister for the Environment Number 13 of 2011
concerning Compensation for Damages Due to Pollution and/or
Santosa, A. (2001). Good governance & hukum lingkungan. Jakarta: Indonesian
Center for Environmental Law.